October 1, 2022

Transmitting knowledge over time

Top 5 Bihar Authors: Spreading Knowledge Through Time

Write prose, poems and plays

Culture

September 4, 2022

Famous books written, messages and freedom fighters from Bihar India.

Since the days of the Gupta Empire, called the golden period of India, Bihar has been at the forefront of literature, culture and knowledge. The tradition has continued over the eons and Bihar continues to produce some of the best known authors and poets, adding to the wealth of knowledge accumulated over the centuries. Media India Group lists the five best known authors from Bihar.

For centuries, Indian literature, especially the Vedas and epics like the Mahabharata or the Ramayana, has attracted worldwide attention. The trend has continued over the centuries with authors like Nobel laureate Rabindra Nath Tagore or VS Naipaul and Salman Rushdie, to name a few, becoming immensely popular around the world. But not all authors have found the deserved recognition. In the distant past, the eastern state of Bihar produced many gems like Chanakya or Aryabhatta as well as Guru Gobind Singh, the 10e Sikh guru.

But even more recently the state has continued to produce some of India’s greatest writers who have made great contributions to Indian literature, their way of writing, ideas and thoughts are inspiring awareness and changes in the company, not only in India, but abroad. as well as multiple languages, ranging from English, Hindi, Urdu and Bhojpuri to Maithili, Magahi, Anjika and Bajji

Few people would know that the very first book written in English which was published in India was by a book written by Dean Mahomed of Bihar in the year (1759). Mahesh Narayan, the author of the first book published in Khari Hindi or Colloquial Hindi, was also from Bihar whose poem titled Swapnot was published in 1881. The rise of regional literature is believed to have begun with novels like Dehati Duniya (1926) by Shivpujan Sahay Balchanma, (1948) by Nagarjuna and

Many of the most famous books written by freedom fighters were also written by leaders from Bihar, including Rajendra Prasad Singh, Anugrah Narayan Sinha and Jayprakash Narayan, whose writings created a sense of consciousness among the masses who brought them into national movement with enthusiasm and made the success of such movements as Satyagraha, Dandi Yatra and Quit India Movement during the independence struggle.

In contemporary Indian society, the five most famous Bihar authors are:

1.Ramdhari Singh Dinkar.

Dinkar was honored by Padma Bhushan in 1959

Born in 1908, Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’ was a Hindi and Maithili speaking poet, essayist, freedom fighter, patriot and scholar. He was best known by his pseudonym Dinkar. His writings were strongly influenced by the struggle for independence and they continued to motivate others to join the freedom movement. In recognition of his contribution to the struggle for freedom, Dinkar was awarded the title of rastrakavi (national poet).

His compositions as Rasmirath and Sinhasan Khali Karo ki Janta Aati Hai (leave the throne as the people come) rang in all the alleys during the battle for independence”. Even today, these poems are recited at major festivals or national gatherings. Rasmirath is an epic poem that tells the story of Karna, one of the main protagonists of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. When Lord Krishna assumed the role of Prince Kaurav Duryodhna’s messenger and offered peace, he was rebuffed. So, Lord Krishna served him a warning and that is portrayed in RashmiRathi.A very famous quote from the book reads

Jab naash manuj by Chaata hai

Pehle vivek marr jata hai

(When the end draws near

the first thing a man loses is his wisdom)

2. Bhikhari Thakur

Bhikhari Thakur

He was the greatest writer in Bhojpuri language and the most popular folk writer in Purvanchal and Bihar.

It is often called “theBhojpuri Shakespeare ” and “Rai Bahadurwas born in December 1887. Thakur was a Bhojpuri poet, playwright, lyricist, actor, dancer and singer. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest writers in the Bhojpuri language and the region’s most popular folk writer. His works consist of more than a dozen plays, monologues, poems and devotional songs which have appeared in print in nearly three dozen books. His notable works are Bideshiya, Beti Bechva and Bhai Birodh and, Gabarghichor. His first works were dialogues and musical pieces, later he wrote philosophical works and devotional songs.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Bhikari Thakur returned to his village and started presenting Ramleela with a small troupe. But upper-caste Hindus objected to the interpretation of such important religious texts by lower-caste people like Thakur. Therefore, Thakur formed a theater company and started writing and directing plays on his own. Most of his plays revolved around the fate of women, villagers and the confrontation between old and modern values. The first play written by Thakur was Birha Bahar and his. The best known piece is Bideshiya.

Bhikhari Thakur’s plays and songs depict the evils that were corroding society. bellyhyes depicts the pain of a woman whose husband leaves her and marries another woman, Beti Bechwa depicts the practice of unequal marriage, Bidhwa Bilaap shows that a widow is treated and deceived by society and her family. Apart from social issues, Thakur also talked about the separation of joint families in Bhai Birodh and Nanad-Bhaujai. In Kaljug Prem Where Piyawa Nasailhe showed the consequences of alcohol and the impact on the family.

3. Vidyapati

Vidyapati

He was a devotee of Shiva, but also wrote Vaishnava love songs and devotional songs

Vidyapati, known as Maithil Kavi Kokil, the Cuckoo Poet of Maithil, was a Maithili and Sanskrit polymath poet-saint, writer, courtier and royal priest. He also wrote love songs and devotional songs. Vidyapati’s influence was not only limited to Maithili and Sanskrit literature, but extended to other literary traditions of East India as well. Vidyapati influenced other parts of India like West Bengal and Odisha. He was a disciple of Chaitnya Mahaprabhu. His songs and poems on Krishna-Radha, these compositions are still alive in the hearts of the people of North India. His popular works like Jay Deva and Geeta Govindam have been adapted by many popular authors into different languages ​​and remain popular even today.

4. Ram Briksh Benipuri

Ram Briksh Benipuri

He was born in a small village named Benipur in Muzaffarpur district in a Bhumihar Brahmin family

Ramavriksha Benipuri (is it Ramavriksha or Ram Briksh) was born in December 1899. He was a Hindi freedom fighter, social activist and author. He also spent nine years in prison for fighting for Indian independence. He was the founder of the Socialist Party of Bihar in 1931 and the Socialist Congress Party in 1934, then he joined the Indian National Congress in 1935.

One of his most famous books is Lal Tara, he symbol of a new morning light.The writer wanted to portray that the darkness would disappear in a short time and a new rising light would come out.Benipuri tried to conceptualize a new society, a new way of living and a new culture. There is a delicious mixture of romanticism and idealism in his plays. Benipuri mainly wrote great stories and essays. His dramas mostly covered old events. For instance, A mbpure depicts the life of the famous courtesan Ambipure who adopted and converted to Buddhism after meeting Buddha. Likewise, Netradaananother drama, is based on a historical legend involving Ashoka and his son Kunal.

5.Nagarjuna.

Nagarjuna

He is considered the most important protagonist of modernity in Maithili

Born in June 1911, Vaidyanath Mishra better known as Nagarjuna was a Hindi and Maithili poet who wrote a number of novels, short stories and travelogues. He was popularly known as Jankavi – the poet of the people. He is considered one of the most prominent protagonists of modernity in Maithili.

The subjects of his poetry are varied. The effects of his wandering tendencies and activism are evident in his intermediate and later works. His famous poems like Bādal kō Ghiratē Dēkhā hai, is a travelogue in its own right. He has often written on contemporary social and political issues. his famous poem Mantra Kavita, is widely regarded as the truest reflection of the mindset of an entire generation in India. Another such poem is Aao Rani Hum Dhoyenge Palakiwho sarcastically humiliates India’s then Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, for his extravagant reception of Queen Elizabeth in (1961).

Besides these accepted poetry topics, Nagarjun found poetic beauty in unconventional topics. One of his most amazing works is a poem based on a show titled With sharp teeth. Another such creation is a series of poems about an adult jackfruit.

Due to the breadth of his poetry, Nagarjuna is considered the only Hindi poet after Tulsidas to have an audience ranging from the rural strata of society to the elite. He effectively freed poetry from the confines of elitism.

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